What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition also known as a seizure disorder. Seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells in the brain signal abnormally, which may briefly alter a person’s consciousness, movements or actions.

Seizures can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes.

There are over 40 types of epilepsy with different causes and different types of seizures. Some people even have more than one type of seizure.

For 60 to 70% of cases the cause of epilepsy is unknown. Some known causes are:

  • Head trauma (a.k.a. Traumatic Brain Injury)
  • Stroke
  • Low oxygen during birth
  • Brain tumor
  • Developmental disorders (a.k.a. Autism or Neurofibromatosis)
  • Abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar

Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both men and women of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

Learn more at: The Epilepsy Network